Scotland’s Overtoun Bridge And A Rash Of Dog Suicides

You probably wouldn’t think that man’s best friend was ever feeling so depressed that he might want to take the big plunge, but dog suicide is apparently a thing–whether they intentionally trip and fall or not. In West Dunbartonshire, Scotland lies a quaint little bridge designed by H.E. Milner. It’s popular not because of its beautiful architecture, though. The bridge has, for whatever reason, led to a number of dogs falling to their deaths. The international media, naturally, has taken a keen liking to this bridge and the phenomenon of dog suicide it seemingly perpetuates.

You might come to think that dozens of poor pooches are leaping to their graves every year, but the number is closer to one annually. Still terrible, but things could always be much worse. While that isn’t so high when you compare the number of human jumpers at other famous bridges across the globe, it’s still worth noting when considering a somewhat less depressed animal–like the canine.

After jumping, there is a fifty-foot drop to the waterfalls below. Researchers have since put a lot of thought into discovering why exactly these dogs are so attracted to the grim reaper and have found some interest factual tidbits that may or may not be related. First, dogs almost always jump from the same side of the bridge. Second, they usually do it when the weather is clear (granted, maybe people just tend to be more likely to take their dogs for a walk when it’s nice out–correlation does not necessarily equal causation, but you’ve probably heard that all before). Third, the dogs all have long snouts.

Animal experts aren’t doing much better when trying to find a reasonable explanation. David Sexton decided to focus on the factors of sight, sound, and smell when investigating but decided to go with the latter factor when mice and mink were discovered underneath the bridge. He eventually concluded that the dogs were probably attracted to mink urine, but a resident hunter says no. According to him, there are no mink under the bridge and never have been. How they were discovered when they’ve never been there is a question for later. In any case, it does seem likely that the dogs who have leaped to their deaths from the edge of the bridge likely smelled something they liked. Dogs see with their noses, and when you like what you see, you go for it. Right?

Sadly, strangeness surrounding the Overtoun bridge isn’t limited to dog suicide. In 1994, a man tossed his only two-week-old son off the bridge because, hey, that’s what you do when you think your just-born kid is the devil personified. The son was killed, but when the man tried to commit suicide the same way, he failed, later trying again in a more old-fashioned wrist slashing. He survived.

Eventually, a sign was put up warning dog owners of the potential dangers of the wonderfully aromatic Overtoun bridge. Please, if you visit the famous bridge, do keep your dogs leashed. If you think your children are possessed by Satan, on the other hand, you should probably just take them to church and say a quick prayer.

What Is The Dyatlov Incident?

Nine hikers died on February 2, 1959 in the Ural Mountains–but no one knows why. After a lengthy investigation, researchers on the case concluded only that an “unknown compelling force” led to their deaths. The details of the case only get weirder from there on out, but first and foremost, know this: these weren’t first-timers. The nine hikers were experienced, and they knew what they were doing.

So what did the scene look like when the nine hikers were found?

First, they did not all succumb to death in the same way. While most died of hypothermia, three died of physical wounds, and those wounds only lead to more questions. One of the dead hikers had cranial damage. Another had no obvious trauma to the skull, but suffered brain damage. A third female hiker seemed to have had her eyes and tongue ripped out. One had a crushed chest. On top of these strange injuries, one must consider the circumstances under which they fled from the relative comfort of their tents. It was snowing heavily at the time, and temperatures were well below zero. Experienced hikers would have known to stay indoors.

Did a yeti attack take place?

It sounds absurd, but some theorize an animal attack may be the most likely explanation. Others believe that the military had a part in the nine deaths. There are other possibilities. A fierce avalanche could explain some circumstances of the scene, while infrasound-induced panic could explain others. No matter what one concludes, the mystery simply cannot be neatly unpacked and wrapped with only the evidence we have right now.

Here’s what we do know.

When they fled the tent, they were either in socks or barefoot. Investigators believe the tent had been cut open from the inside, although when they arrived on the scene the tent was partly on the ground and covered from snowfall. That’s not too surprising since the attack likely happened before February 12, when the group expected to be back, and rescuers only descended on the camp on February 26.

Two bodies were found at the edge of a nearby forest, in only their underwear. Before they succumbed to nature’s wrath, they had managed to keep a small fire going. Three more bodies were discovered in between the camp and the forest, at varying intervals. The other four were not located for months. Nature had dumped four meters of snow over their bodies. They had managed to make it 75 meters farther than the first two who died at the edge of the forest.

Take it for what it’s worth, but a different set of hikers fifty kilometers away saw orange spheres in the skies where the Dyatlov incident took place. These same spheres were reported being seen nearby during February and March of the same year. These weren’t just crazy-people sightings, either. Both the military and meteorology services operating in the region confirmed the strange phenomenon. Whether it has anything to do with the Dyatlov incident is of course a big fat unknown.

What did happen? We don’t know, and probably never will. All current theories seem to have been disproved. While someone might initially say to themselves, “it was obviously drugs,” that wasn’t the case either. Nothing like that was found in the remains of the tent, not even a drop of alcohol. The group even refused to smoke cigarettes while on their hike. This mystery is one for the record books.

Should We Take Another Look At the Rosenberg Espionage Trial?

The conspiracy surrounding the Rosenbergs wasn’t simple. Only a few weeks after the Korean War broke out, arrests were made on the grounds that Julius Rosenberg and Ethel Rosenberg conspired to commit espionage. That was the charge, but the reality was less murky: the couple was tried, convicted, and eventually executed three years later after allegedly providing the recipe for an atomic bomb to one of America’s greatest rivals, the USSR.

The funny thing about a conspiracy charge is this: no one has to prove beyond any doubt that you did something wrong in court. So how exactly was the couple tried and found guilty when the punishment would be death for treason? Easy. The government found witnesses who would testify to the wrongdoing of the defendants. Who, though, would know of such wrongdoing? Ethel’s brother and his wife, as it turns out. The government charged them both with conspiracy to commit espionage as well, and then allowed the couple to testify against the Rosenbergs in exchange for a softer sentence.

We know now that the U.S. had evidence that Julius ran errands as a courier for the Soviets, and also helped them recruit. Did the Rosenbergs give plans to build the atom bomb, jet propulsion engines, sonar, and radar to the USSR? Many believe they did, while others believe they did not. They were certainly guilty of conspiracy, but to what extent–and why did that matter so little at the time in the court of public opinion?

This case is important because it aids in several important discussions regarding something we’re supposed to believe in as Americans: that is, you’re innocent until proven guilty. The Rosenberg case told us exactly how these types of important, publicized cases should not play out. Although the government had a treasure trove of evidence that was not declassified until the USSR collapsed, almost no direct, tangible evidence linking the couple to any wrongdoing was made public during the trial and subsequent execution, causing a great number of people to defend the integrity of the couple.

Their children, for example, maintained the couple’s innocence until the files were declassified. Even then, they believed that the files pointed a finger more at Julius and less at his wife.

The trial also forced us to reconsider how to best employ the death penalty in any circumstance. Some might contend that Ethel’s role in the apparent espionage, however small or large it may have been, should not have required a lethal response maybe just a few less days at the beach. There are a great number of historians who contend that neither she nor her husband was deserving. There are others who adamantly suppose that the couple would never have been tried at all, had it not been for the rampant paranoia that plagued communities and social orders during the Cold War.

Today, the death penalty is still controversial–here in the U.S. anyway. The Rosenberg trial begs the question: is the death penalty ever really necessary? Is it truly a humane response to criminal activity if there is even a sliver of doubt concerning a person’s guilt or innocence? These are questions we will undoubtedly continue to ask ourselves in the foreseeable future. Maybe we should continue to analyze the Rosenberg espionage trial for that reason alone.

No Longer A Fresh-Bruin Case

If this had happened during the days of Robert Stack and Unsolved Mysteries, we might have a resolution this particular case. After all, the UCLA campus is a large campus with lots of people, and it’s in one of the largest cities in the world other than New York, so there are potentially hundreds or thousands of witnesses to any one person’s activities.

And yet, 18 years later, a disappearance case has gone completely cold and the victim is presumed dead, even without a body.

Bruinland has been able to keep quiet the case of one of its freshman students, who disappeared from his dorm room in the early-morning hours of a day in December 1999 following a dorm party. And yes, we mean disappeared in that his wallet, keys, and shoes were left behind in his dorm room, untouched.

After a night of partying and playing some video games (this was the late 1990s, so it was not the video games we’re used to) with a friend, Michael Negrete gave a couple high-fives, entered his dorm room at about 4 a. m. and was not seen or heard from again.

It was as if he walked right into a Sliders wormhole and didn’t have the remote to get back from the alternate universe.

Negrete was on a music scholarship, a good student and had no history of anything like depression, drugs or gambling. All reports were that he was well-adjusted and friendly. His roommate made the missing person report that morning, and a police dog was able to track Negrete’s scent to a bus station a few miles away – which was curious since he had no keys to drive a car and had no shoes to be able to walk very far. The trail went cold there.

There was a report of a white male in his mid-30s who was in Negrete’s dormitory the night of the party, who was reportedly wearing a shiny gray jacket. There should have been a general curiosity about a man in his 30s in a college dorm during a party wearing a jacket that could easily have been from the 1970s. However, police investigators were never able to find him, despite a piece of surveillance video that seemed to capture him, and a composite sketch by the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Office that was distributed.

What is even more mysterious is that in the last 17 years, there has been no activity on any bank accounts and there has not been contact from Michael to his family or friends. And yet, so far nobody has turned up. And there has been no physical evidence, zero witnesses, no DNA, nothing on security cameras, and he disappeared from a dorm room in a dorm building with hundreds of college students.

It’s hard to imagine college students all being drunk and/or asleep at the same time. Someone had to have heard, seen, smelled or know something. And yet we are here almost two decades later with just as many questions as before as to the whereabouts of Michael Negrete.

The Blair Bewitching Project?

Blair Adams was an … um, interesting guy. If only we knew much more about him.

There are some rather unusual, freaky, unexplainable crimes that have been committed over the years, and Blair Adams’ case is one that is about as mysterious as they come – especially the way he died and the fact that the case has gone cold.

Was Blair Adams paranoid? Or did the person he thought was following him, find him and did exactly what he thought would happen? Or was this some rather random, bad-karma situation in the old Confederacy?

The real mystery was Blair Adams’ death, though the events leading up to it were quite mysterious in themselves – we have nothing to go on since the primary witness to his behavior is him – and he’s not with us anymore.

Adams was found in a parking lot a half-mile from a hotel in which was supposedly staying – though he hadn’t checked in yet – in Knoxville, Tenn.  The autopsy revealed that he died because of a punch to the gut so powerful that it ruptured his internal organs.

Adams, a Canadian, got to Knoxville through a drive from Seattle – though he bought a plane ticket to Washington D.C. while in Seattle. He got into Seattle through the Canadian border, though it was his second attempt, as he was turned away the first time when he arrived at the border crossing with a briefcase full of money and no other bags and whatever possessions he could stuff in his pockets.

He had cleaned out his bank accounts and his safe-deposit box in Canada prior to this journey, claiming that he needed to leave Canada because he thought someone was trying to kill him. After being turned away the first time, he went back home.

The next day, he quit his job and asked a friend to smuggle him into America, but only after he had bought a plane ticket to Germany but changed his mind. When his friend decided that being caught as a human smuggler was not her idea of fun, she refused to help him. Out of desperation, Adams got a rental car and was successful in crossing the U.S. border a second time, and then he committed to moving on from Seattle.

He drove to Tennessee – not sure why exactly, other than it wasn’t a straight-line trip, which means he was behaving as if he was being followed – and entered a gas station in Knoxville. There, witnesses said he told the attendant that he couldn’t start his car. Turned out that he had the wrong keys, but the car was able to be driven to that gas station. He hitchhiked to a hotel and paid for a room but never went to it. He immediately left the hotel upon paying the money, and then his dead body was found hours later in that parking lot a half-mile away – with his pants removed.

As far as we know, that is all we know about Adams’ death, and this was more than 20 years ago. Was he mentally disturbed and wound up with a self-fulfilling prophecy? It seems we may never know

The Trial of Galileo Galilei

Galileo was born in 1564 and lived to the ripe old age of 77, when he died in 1642. That’s pretty good, under the circumstances. Today he is famous for having hypothesized many of the scientific principles and realities that we take for granted–such as the super silly notion that the planets revolve around the sun instead of around the earth (the former concept is known as heliocentrism, and the incorrect latter concept known as geocentrism). Although he was eventually proven partially correct, the scientific minds of the time period were compelled in a large part by religion. Heliocentrism contradicted Scripture. If you contradict God, then you’re considered a heretic, and so to trial he went.

Galileo quickly discovered much in astronomy that led to controversy. During the time period, there weren’t many who could force people to question their place in the cosmos, but Galileo was such a man. He discovered mountainous terrain on the moon and satellites revolving around Jupiter. He discovered sunspots and the phases of Venus. He discovered nebulae, even though he couldn’t begin to conceive what they were. Although his newly-founded views of the universe were frowned upon, he persisted.

The Roman Catholic Church had already lended its support to scientists and astronomers such as Aristotle and Ptolemy, and so the rift had begun. Although Jesuits first disagreed with Galileo’s findings, they eventually concluded the same after observing the phenomena for themselves. Many of those who refused to accept Galileo’s contributions to the field of astronomy purportedly never even bothered to look through a telescope in order to see for themselves. Then again, we experience a lot of the same type of skeptics today in even more important areas of science.

Certain high-ranking members of the Catholic church were called upon to offer their opinions on the Galileo problem. One decided that heliocentrism needn’t remain an issue as long as it was considered only in theory or hypothesis, and not in reality. When Galileo would not relent to those who disputed his findings, he was asked to provide conclusions based on physics and mathematics. He initially refused, but eventually provided a number of such conclusions. The church refused to listen to his reasoning.

An inquisition was formed on February 19, 1616 in order to discuss the reality of a heliocentric view of the universe. When this viewpoint was determined to be theologically absurd, he was ordered to essentially cease and desist, or else stronger measures would be forced upon him.

After a long period of back and forth between supporters and opponents, he was eventually ordered to stand trial in 1633. He was found guilty of heresy on June 22 of the same year. At first he was sentenced to imprisonment, but this was changed to house arrest. He died at home in Italy. As a result of the proceedings, many of his publications were banned for a time.

Galileo’s observation of heliocentrism suggested the sun was the center of the universe, which we now know to be untrue. It’s simply the center of one solar system in a single galaxy within the massive observable universe we know about today.

The Trial of Joan of Arc

We grow up learning about the Middle Ages–or more specifically how little we know about the years from about 500 to 1500 A.D. Toward the end of this fairly interesting time period was a figure known as Joan of Arc, a young French heroine who participated in the Hundred Years’ War and has gone down in history as a saint. She grew up a peasant and, according to her, she heard visions from the Archangel Michael and a couple of saints, all of whom urged her to lend aid to Charles VII.

She fought against the English rule over France, and eventually, the French Charles VII was indeed crowned king. Unfortunately, Joan of Arc was caught by English allies in 1430 and burned at the stake just over a year later. Do you know the reason?

Before she was executed by the English, however, there was a short trial. We have very detailed records–even during this somewhat “dark” time period–because notaries were directed to take copious notes during the trial. These notes were published some years later and copied repeatedly. Now they are a part of history. And have come in handy for several defense attorney and lawyers everywhere. 

Joan’s life was examined as thoroughly as possible so the English could deride her character, but their efforts were mostly in vain. Her virginity was examined (and found to be intact). Her home, upbringing, and social status were all investigated relentlessly. Those conducting the preliminary inquiries found nothing that would be helpful at trial, and so these efforts were essentially wasted.

During an interrogation that took place before the first trial date, her method of dressing was immediately frowned upon. She dressed as a soldier, with her clothing tied together in a single piece. She explained to those who interrogated her that it was to prevent rape. During the first court appearance, she said that she could make no guarantee of the truth of her answers because she had no idea on which subjects she would be questioned. she was asked to recite certain prayers, but she responded by demanding to be heard in confession in exchange for the recitation.

During the proceedings, she was repeatedly accused of heresy and asked to renounce all the visions she experienced which led her to fight against the English in order to crown Charles VII. She was also asked to give up her soldier’s clothing, even though she knew the consequences. Although she decided to sign an abjuration at first, she “recanted” only days later, and again wore the clothing which she had sworn to give up. Then again, she was given no choice. The guards provided her with only the clothing she had already been wearing, even after she argued that she should be given something else to wear because she had signed the abjuration.

This forced “relapse” into heresy provided the English court all the justification it required to have her executed on May 30, 1431.

Although Joan of Arc died at the hands of the English at the young age of nineteen, she was pronounced innocent by Pope Callixtus III shortly thereafter in 1456. He said she was a martyr. Napoleon Bonaparte later declared her a national symbol of France in 1803.

What Were The Nuremberg Trials And Why Were They Significant?

In Germany, the Nazi party held an annual rally in Nuremberg before the beginning of World War II. Many of the laws proposed and instituted during these rallies targeted Jews as a part of fundamental Nazi ideology, and they helped pave the way for the Holocaust to slowly unfold over the next decade. Many of the “Nuremberg Laws”–as they would come to be known–prevented anyone with Jewish blood from obtaining citizenship in the Reich, and made sexual relations between Jews and “pure-blooded” Germans a criminal offense. Over time, those of Jewish background all but lost most of the rights we hold universal and self-evident today.

It is only fitting then, that the trials which would crush Nazi war criminals under the fist of justice would take place in Nuremberg. They were carried out from the end of the war in 1945 until 1949 and were aptly named the Nuremberg Trials. The defendants of this trial were mostly former higher-ups in the Nazi party, including military officers, doctors, lawyers, industrialists, etc.

These trials were not only significant in their scope, but also because they were a cornerstone for the international laws that would eventually be drafted in order to prevent a recurrence of the atrocities of the Holocaust, most of which have persisted until today. They helped humanity recognize how these atrocities can occur, and who can legally be held accountable. In addition, it was only because of the Nuremberg Trials that an eventual international court was finally established in order to deal with proposed injustices as they occur throughout the world.

For many, these changes did not happen fast enough to make a difference.

It was not until December of 1942 that Allied leaders acknowledged the slaughter of the Jewish peoples who had resided throughout Europe at the time of Germany’s invasion–long, long after they already knew. It was at this time that they made public their intent to prosecute those responsible for the proposed crimes against humanity.

Perhaps a surprise to no one, Joseph Stalin suggested that up to 100,000 German officers be executed. Even Winston Churchill tossed about the idea of summarily executing certain members of the Nazi party. American leaders rejected these ideas outright, although probably not for the reasons we might invoke today. Instead, they believed the best way to avoid scrutiny of the executions in the future was to try those whose guilt was already certain. That way, evidence could be collected and cataloged for future generations who might otherwise judge those who put the men to death as equally guilty.

Although there was a precedent for trying military officers and political leaders for war crimes on a much smaller scale in regional conflicts that occur in one country or another, there were certainly no precedents available for trying such a great number of people accused of international crimes against humanity. The London Charter of the International Military Tribunal (IMT) helped draft the laws which would then govern the Nuremberg Trials. This charter helped categorize crimes based on what occurred. If you violated a peace treaty, you could be charged with a crime against peace. If you violated already-established customs or laws that typically govern war, you could be charged with a war crime. If you were guilty of murder, you could be charged with a crime against humanity.

These first steps were those that inspired the Geneva Conventions that we still use to govern international law today–and hopefully will into the future.

Was Hitler a Serial Killer?

As far as prominent figures in history are concerned, very few are more compelling of a subject than Adolf Hitler. An extremely charismatic leader well known for restructuring the German government following World War I, there are many theories that still circulate and even new theories being developed today about Hitler: his motives, his secret life, and even his psychological evaluation. Some have even speculated that he is a serial killer of the most perverted kind. Literally.

Historical accounts have claimed that Hitler was so driven by the idea of killing that it had even aroused him sexually. One-time German actress Marianne Hoppe claimed in an interview to have witnessed him rubbing his knees together as he “got some kind of orgasm” during a viewing of “The Rebel” in Hitler’s Berlin palace. The film featured Austrian soldiers against French soldiers, the former killing the latter by throwing rocks down upon them. And while many might interpret this as sick and twisted in its own right, is it a fair assessment by itself to consider Hitler a serial killer?

First, to consider the definition of a serial killer – which, in itself, can be a difficult task. There are many elements that go into the definition of serial killing, these elements coming from different sources. The FBI, an agency that likely sees its fair share of serial killers, defines a serial killer as anyone who has committed at least three murders over a period greater than a month with an “emotional cooling off period in between.” Barring the interpretation of a cooling off period, it’s hard to imagine anyone might debate this stipulation. Whether Hitler was or was not directly involved in the countless lives lost during the Holocaust, it is almost impossible not to associate him with the deaths regardless, other it would be fraud. However, this is hardly the only definition provided to us that fills out what a serial killer is. The National Institute of Justice provides a bit more specific criteria before someone can be classified as such; they say that a person must commit at least two murders with a strong psychological motive and is generally associated with “sadistic sexual overtones.”

Of course, under the assumption that Hitler did hold a strong sexual urgency toward death to the point that it drove him to command others to kill, one could argue that he fulfilled this condition as well. However, others might make the argument that even this definition of serial killing is too specific and exclusive. Psychologists, for example, employ a concept called prototype theory in an attempt to classify people based on the most pertinent archetypes. In the case of serial killers, some of the more famed individuals that come to mind are Ted Bundy and the Zodiac Killer, who may or may not have killed under the pretense of sexual motivation. However, there was a very common thread that spooled through the victims of the previously mentioned figures. In the case of Hitler, the same could be argued in regard to the Nazi propaganda that called for the eradication of the Jewish people and the cultivation of the Aryan race. However, the proposition that Hitler may have also been motivated sexually throws an entirely new variable into the equation. So, now the question must be asked; is this the mark of a serial killer or just the general tendencies of a genocidal dictator?

Who Killed Jon Benet Ramsey?

If you were around at all in the 1990’s, there are likely two cases or trials that stand out most prominently in your mind. One is likely the extremely lengthy and extremely publicized murder trial of O.J. Simpson. The other is the mystery surrounding the death of child pageant winner, JonBenét Ramsey.

Even to this day, theories can be found on the Internet proposing new thoughts on the matter as to who might be responsible for the young girl’s death, over two decades after the horrible incident had occurred. Some theories, despite a significant lack of evidence, seem as if they might be particularly sound in their thought process. Other theories seem as if people really just have too much time on their hands. But, whatever the case may be, the mystery that is the death of JonBenét Ramsey is still very much alive and open to debate, even almost 21 years after the fact.

Some of the most popular theories involve the parents of JonBenét, John Bennett and Patricia Ramsey. Motives notwithstanding, there was a lot of speculation surrounding the evidence of the case revolving around the potential involvement of either the mother, the father or both in tandem with each other. A ransom note was found at the crime scene where JonBenét had been murdered, detailing a demand to the tune of $118,000 in exchange for the young girl. This is especially pertinent due to a number of details.

  • The note itself was 2 and a half pages, deemed excessively long compared to a more typical ransom note according to the FBI.
  • The ransom note was written on a notepad within the Ramsey household. According to an interview with ex-police chief Mark Beckner of Boulder, Colorado, “no note has ever been written at the scene, and then left at the scene with the dead victim at the scene, other than this case.”
  • Handwriting tests taken by the parents showed “inconclusive” results regarding Patricia Ramsey specifically. Experts also noted several strange observations, including the fact that Ms. Ramsey wrote in full length the words instead of the number “118,000” during her test.

While John Bennett Ramsey’s handwriting test showed he had not written the note, some may argue that having discovered her body in the cellar and subsequently covered her with a blanket after bringing her upstairs had the potential for destroying crucial evidence to the case. Whether or not she was actually guilty, Patricia Ramsey passed away in 2006 due to ovarian cancer.

Other theories posit that JonBenét’s older brother, Burke Ramsey, was involved. This theory proposes that Burke threw a nearby flashlight at JonBenét, as evidence suggests that she died of a skull fracture. A flashlight was found at the crime scene where the children had allegedly eaten pineapple. JonBenét was discovered to have eaten pineapple shortly before being killed. This theory has since been called into question due to DNA tests proving that Ramsey may have suffered some form of sexual assault from someone outside of her immediate family.

Another popular theory proposed by one John Mark Karr (historically arrested for multiple charges including child pornography) suggests that he knew who the killer was. Karr claimed to have been at the scene when the murder took place, though he did not directly take part in it. Yet Karr also claimed to have staged the crime scene to pin the blame on himself and throw police off the trail of the actual killer. Karr has since been cleared of charges since DNA tests did not match his bodily fluids or tissue samples. Beckner also confirmed that, through routine checks, the police had determined that Karr was not even in the vicinity of Colorado at the time of the murder, but was in fact on the other side of the country in Georgia.

There are other, more farfetched theories regarding the death of JonBenét Ramsey, including the possibility that a wild animal had somehow killed her due to animal hairs being found on the duct tape that was used to cover her mouth. How a wild animal might have fashioned a homemade garrote or managed to duct tape Ramsey’s mouth shut remains a mystery. Or that JonBenét is actually alive and well as popular singer and songwriter, Katy Perry. This theory can be discredited by virtue of the sole fact that records indicate Perry was born six years before Ramsey.

Technically, the case is still open and on-going, but having been over 20 years since the horrific tragedy has occurred, it seems unlikely that authorities will ever determine who killed JonBenét Ramsey.